State prison officials say Michael Garrett was unaccounted for during a Sunday night count at the California Institution for Men in Chino, east of Los Angeles.
An emergency search was conducted of the facility, and the 33-year-old was not found.
Garrett is described as 5 feet 10 inches tall, weighing about 197 pounds, with brown hair and brown eyes.
He was serving a four year, eight-month sentence for first-degree burglary.
CIM, which opened in 1941, houses approximately 3,400 minimum- and medium-security inmates.