The incident occurred in the parking lot of the Cliffhouse recreation area, just outside of the town of Isleton.
Sheriff's deputies responded shortly after 5:30 a.m. after getting reports of a burn victim. Investigators say 33-year-old Robert Flemmings intentionally set the victim and the car the victim was in on fire during an argument.
Officials say the victim, who is in his 20s, suffered major burns to 25 percent of his body and was taken to a hospital for treatment.
Later Monday, a deputy responded to a disturbance call on B and 3rd streets and located Flemmings. He was arrested and is being held at the Sacramento County Main Jail on $350,000 bail.
Sheriff's deputies are looking for any possible witnesses or anyone with more information about what happened.